How are handmade carpets made?

Update:27-09-2020
Summary:

The first process is drawing and color matching. The pa […]

The first process is drawing and color matching. The pattern is drawn on the drawing and matched with different colors so that the weaver can weave with reference to the drawing. This is a creative work. The craftsman needs to be confident, in fact, the woven blanket is a reproduction of the drawing. This step is very important because good patterns and colors are closely related to the value of the blanket.

The second step is dyeing the thread. The traditional method is to dye with plant minerals, such as indigo, saffron, acorn husk, delphinium, etc. But now chemical dyeing is also used at the same time. A handmade carpet generally uses 10 to 20 different colors Of yarn.

The third step is to hang the warp. The warp is wound from top to bottom on a shelf made of two beams and two uprights. The heddle is wound between another beam and the warp. The heddle can separate the front and back warps for easy hitting. Knot and weft. After tying the base with white silk thread, hand knotting can start.

The fourth step is manual knotting and weaving. The silk thread is wound on two adjacent warp threads to form a double knot (Turkish knot, symmetric knot) or single knot (Persian knot, asymmetric knot). Some inferior processes It is a virtual knot, the yarn is only hooked on the back warp and not really entangled on the warp. This process saves time and material, but the value of the blanket produced is not high. When a row of knots is finished, the weft has been warped before. Pass through the middle of the back warp and smash it with a comb to make the fluff knots firmly tied to the warp.

The fifth step is to flatten the carpet, pull the tassels and wash the carpet. After months or years of work, a whole piece of silk carpet is woven, cut from the shelf, the surface is trimmed, and the ends of the warp threads are pulled into tassels to increase Beauty. The finished product undergoes a thorough washing and decontamination treatment before being sold. Weaving a hand-knotted carpet is a time-consuming and laborious work, and it is very harmful to human eyes. A weaver can weave a doubles in three months Knotted 260 (470 knots per square inch) handmade carpet. But if weave 400 knots (1100 knots per square inch) handmade carpet of the same size and finer, it will take a year.

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